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Los nueve tratados fundamentales de derechos humanos

There are nine core international human rights treaties. The nine treaties address economic, social and cultural rights, civil and political rights, the elimination of racial and gender discrimination, protection against torture and forced disappearance and the rights of women, children, migrants, persons with disabilities. 

Although the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is the most important treaty from the perspective of economic and social rights, you will find references to economic and social rights in many of the other treaties as well. 

Each of these international human rights treaties also has a monitoring body within the UN human rights system which monitors the  implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties.



Date

Monitoring Body

ICERD

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

21 Dec 1965

CERD

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

16 Dec 1966

CCPR

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

16 Dec 1966

CESCR

CEDAW

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

18 Dec 1979

CEDAW

CAT

Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

10 Dec 1984

CAT

CRC

Convention on the Rights of the Child

20 Nov 1989

CRC

ICRMW

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

18 Dec 1990

CMW


International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

20 Dec 2006


ICRPD

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

13 Dec 2006

CRPD